Digital Archives and Pacific Cultures
- Host: University of Pittsburgh at Greensburg
- Other institutions involved: Faculty and students at the Greensburg and Pittsburgh campuses of the University of Pittsburgh have been involved in this Greensburg-led project.
- URL: http://pacific.pitt.edu
- Main language: English
General description: Faculty and students at the
University of Pittsburgh at Greensburg are working on a
long-range digital project to code and analyze the voyage
narratives of eighteenth-century European expeditions to the
Pacific, together with the English poetry and print media
that responded to the published accounts of Pacific voyages.
We are attempting to study the cross-cultural significance of
European voyages in the Pacific and cultural contact
experiences in Oceania and Australia, using digital coding
and “text-mining”—to collect information from very long
voyage records in systematic ways through computational
One phase of our work involves preparing digital editions of Pacific voyage publications by Hawkesworth, Cook, and the Forsters in TEI. Some of the voyage accounts we have prepared for the site have not been freely available online in any searchable form before. Some are available in proprietary or public databases, but have not to this point been united in one place. In addition to preparing editions, we have collected the geographic coordinates recorded in these publications using regular expression matching and autotagging, in order to generate Google Earth & Map views of the voyages. Our Google Earth projections of Wallis's and Cook's voyages offer a clickable interface, so that selecting a compass rose point along the voyage brings up a paragraph or block of text from a voyage record describing events recorded in connection with this place. Please see, for example: http://pacific.pitt.edu/CookVoy2Map.html
We have also been preparing TEI editions of poems, plays, and excerpts from literary and philosophical texts that respond in some way to the Pacific voyage publications: http://pacific.pitt.edu/poems.html
These texts were located by searching the ECCO and ECCO TCP databases, and we will be adding more material from these resources and the Burney collection. Our students have been preparing and marking these files to code specific kinds of cultural interactions so that we can study how English texts represented Pacific encounters, and identify the types of interactions which seem to have caught the interest of Atlantic-bound media. We've also provided an interactive clickable interface to "color-code" the poems, highlighting names of people and places as well as the cultural markup our students have applied: See our edition of Anna Seward's "Elegy on Captain Cook" (1780): http://pacific.pitt.edu/CookElegy1780.html
Please see, also, our edition of Gerald Fitzgerald's "The Injured Islanders," (1779) produced just before the news of Cook's death became known in England. We offer Fitzgerald's poem as a significant contrast to the cultural representations in Seward's work: http://pacific.pitt.edu/InjuredIsland.html
The project began and is developing at the University of Pittsburgh’s Greensburg campus, but the site’s initial development joined a team of faculty and undergraduate students at the Pittsburgh and Greensburg campuses. As the project continues to develop, it combines classroom teaching of digital humanities research methods together with new research to build a publicly accessible resource. Our texts and markup, and our data visualization experiments are very much a work in progress, and are freely available to the public for reading or to download as the basis of new digital projects under a Creative Commons license. Our site will continue to expand over the next few years as we experiment with topic modelling the Pacific voyage texts and as we develop new maps, search tools, and network graphics, working with new groups of students.
University of Pittsburgh at Greensburg
150 Finoli Drive
Greensburg, PA USA