To be published on TEI website.
Created in electronic format; content taken from main XML document Edward sent to editors 2004-02-19.
Manuscript SIG: Report from Nancy. November 8th 2003
The first meeting of the Manuscript Special Interest Group held in Nancy was extremely productive. While the group did not come to any conclusions regarding how encode manuscripts according to the TEI Guidelines, many issues were raised. Participants found that many of the difficulties in encoding manuscripts using the TEI were common across disciples, languages, genres and time periods. A summary of the meeting is below.
Pat Bart, David Birnbaum, Ivan Boserup, Anh Bui, M.J. Driscoll, Patrick Durusau, Ahn Jaewon, Jindrich Marek, Alberta Nodar, Elena Pierazzo, Dorothy Porter, Gautier Poupeau, Peter Robinson, Susan Schreibman, Harold Short, Mirko Tavosanis, Adriaan van der Weel, Edward Vanhoutte, John A. Walsh.
Edward Vanhoutte kicked off by proposing that the SIG be divided into two distinct SIGS, one to deal with problems and issues in encoding modern manuscripts, and the other to deal with those in encoding mediaeval manuscripts. The majority of people present at the meeting felt that there should be one SIG as the commonalities were greater than the differences. The group thus voted to stay together.
Vanhoutte went on to discuss the problems he has in encoding the internal dynamics of a text, such as using speech transcription tags to encode time-based events. Peter Robinson said that there are similar problems when encoding mediaeval manuscripts. Vanhoutte argued that the encoding strategies suggested by the TEI for critical apparatus are not suitable for the encoding of variants present in a single text. Robinson said again, that similar variants occur in mediaeval manuscripts.
The group agreed that the recording of time and sequence are problems that the
SIG should address. Matthew Driscoll agreed with Vanhoutte that the
Driscoll suggested that we create a
Markus Beigenheimer asked if anybody had worked with fragments.
David Birnbaum pointed out that the Guidelines describe a manuscript as a
physical object, which is a problem when manuscript parts exist in separate
locations, or when a manuscript has been torn and exists as two or more separate
objects. Gautier Poupeau said that he used the rend attribute with
A discussion ensued which considered how to record time-based events. Elena
Pierazzo suggested that a rend attribute may not be enough to describe time.
Pierazzo suggested that the textual fact and the bibliographical fact need to be
recorded separately while creating one whole text that is readable as a separate
witness. Burnard suggested that the a
A discussion of whether milestones are good for this purpose followed.
Jindrich Marek raised the problem of deciding what the object is (i.e., items vs the text). This occurs, for example, when there are several sermons in one text. He also suggested that a best practice be developed which can help encoders display TEI-encoded texts in PDF, LaTEx, etc.
Pierazzo brought up the issue of the explosion of the page in modern manuscripts: that is, what is the text when the author begins a letter, for example, on a sheet of paper, then continues it on an envelope, or on the back of a piece of paper stuck in the letter, etc. She asked how we should record this type of textual condition. Mirko Tavosanis raised the point that again, that this raises the problem of what theory of encoding is the encoder following: that of transcription or of codicology. He feels that the two methods are entirely different. Connected to this is the issue of how to encode the documentary aspect of the text from the logical flow of the text. Encoders tend to adopt one philosophy of encoding. In the case of capturing the documentary aspects of the page, the encoder may then use anchors, pointers and links to indicate the logical flow of the text. Conversely, encoders capturing the logical flow may use notes to explain where the text appeared originally. In either case, the Guidelines should more thoroughly document these philosophies of encoding, providing examples and alternative methodologies.
Towards the end of the discussion, several suggestions were made as to how to proceed with future work. Patrick Durseau felt that much of the discussion revolved around how to encode time-based events in manuscripts. He suggested that we think of encoding in terms of the following:
Robinson suggested that the SIG undertake a survey to ascertain how different projects handle particular problems associated with the encoding of manuscripts, which would result in a list of problems that the SIG could then address. He also pointed out that we don’t have enough examples of best practice, and suggested that the SIG undertake to create this. Harold Short added that the SIG take account of the work going on already in terms of best practice, such as the work of the research group at UNC at Chapel Hill. Driscoll suggested that it might be valuable to have a conference dedicated manuscript transcription where people can discuss particular issues.
Finally, the SIG created a list of issues to be addressed: